Swamp coolers provide an alternative to air conditioners that are more energy-efficient, convenient, and versatile. There are many types of cooling devices, but swamp coolers are popular because they are efficient and cost-effective. However, there are some drawbacks to them compared to the newer evaporative cooling technology with atomizers. You can learn more about them, their pros and con, and how to get the most out of them.
A swamp cooler cools the air by using moisture. These machines, also called evaporative coolers, can take in warm and turn it into cool by cooling the air with cooler pads. This involves pushing cool air through a vent and blowing it into a room using a motorized compressor.
The concept behind swamp coolers and their function can be traced back to ancient Egypt. Here, wet blankets were held over doorways to make a similar technology. When hot, dry, air was passed through the fabric, it would instantly cool down. In modern times, this same concept is used for swamp coolers. An electric fan is a key component of modern design. It blows cool, fresh air into the area.
These systems wouldn’t work well in a humid or hot environment, hence the name “swamp-cooler”. They are capable of adding humidity to the air, which can make dry environments “swampy-like.” If they are not maintained and cleaned frequently enough, they may also produce a swampy odor.
Where Can Swamp Coolers Be Used?
Swamp coolers can also be used in many other locations. However, most often they are found in Arizona and Nevada where it is hot and dry. Low humidity can cause uncomfortable air quality. Swamp coolers work well in low humidity areas, adding moisture to the air. The swamp cooler can provide a pleasant environment and help increase perspiration. This can provide a cool sensation that allows bodies to activate their natural need to sweat in such hot conditions. The air can also be cooled for a dual effect.
Swamp Cooler Parts
Swamp coolers have many components that are essential to their functionality. Below is a breakdown of each part of a swamp cooler to help you understand how it works, which parts they use, and what goes into cooling the air.
Evaporative Water Pads: For the system’s proper operation, the swamp cooler has a lining of evaporative cooling cushions. These pads cool down and clean the air, just like the cooler.
Blower A blower motor drives it, which brings in cool and humid air by turning the blower. The cool air is pushed out of the system and then it cools down.
Water Supply Valve: Through a copper tube, the water supply valve connects to a cooler. This is what brings water into the unit.
Float: The water level rises and the float sits at the bottom of the swamp cooler. It shuts off water supply valves when water levels reach a specific level. This is an essential component of the swamp cooler. If the float fails or stops working, the whole system might fail.
Pump: A swamp cooler pump pumps water through distribution lines. This helps to keep the evaporative pads moist.
Benefits Of Swamp Coolers
Swamp coolers provide many benefits.
- Enhance air quality through the removal of particles like dust.
- Swamp coolers lower indoor temperatures by 20 degrees on average, and work best when outside temperatures hover between 80-93 degrees.
- Humidity is rising which is crucial to maintaining indoor air quality.
- A more affordable way to cool indoor temperatures than traditional AC systems, especially during summer.
- They are significantly more energy-efficient than standard air conditioning units and can cut down on energy costs.
- Swamp coolers may be used in many places, rooms, and settings.
- They are easy to install and require minimal maintenance.